Objective 1: SUMP and cycling infrastructure
(hard measures in cities)

The Concept addresses the issue of sustainable urban and active mobility planning in line with the European Commission's proposals and requirements for urban mobility solutions, and builds on experience with the first-generation SUMPs, previously implemented by towns and cities. The Concept is basically a methodology for towns and cities to facilitate the development and updating of their SUMPs, which falls under the competencies of local governments.

Mobility plans have been misunderstood in the Czech Republic. Traditional transport planning uses not exactly ideal way to approach SUMPs: General Transport Plans have been renamed to Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans and enhanced public participation is the only innovation. In fact, nothing has changed and we still have transport plans with car traffic prioritization. The original purpose of SUMPs has been suppressed.

Our inspiration comes from other methodologies such as the SUMP Concept:
A SUMP fosters a balanced development of all relevant transport modes, while encouraging a shift towards more sustainable modes. The plan puts forward an integrated set of technical, infrastructure, policy-based, and soft measures to improve performance and cost-effectiveness with regard to the declared goal and specific objectives. It would typically address the following topics:
(a) Public transport
(b) Walking and cycling
(c) Intermodality
(d) Urban road safety
(e) Road transport (flowing and stationary)
(f) Urban logistics
(g) Mobility management
(h) Intelligent Transport Systems

We are familiar with topics CIVITAS is interested in - the project works on 10 thematic areas, related to sustainable transport mobility covering: Car-Independent Lifestyles, Clean Fuels & Vehicles, Collective Passenger Transport, Demand Management Strategies, Integrated Planning, Mobility Management, Public Involvement, Safety & Security, Transport Telematics, Urban Freight Logistics.

This website pays special attention to the connection between SUMP and Cycling Infrastructure. 

1.1. Create a user-friendly cycling infrastructure

There are a range of common cycle infrastructure measures that can be implemented across a cycle network, which include the following:  Cycle lanes, Cycle tracks, Cycle highways, Grade-separeted crossings, Intersections, Contra-flow cycling, Mixed-use zones, Cycle streets, Multimodal integration, Recretional Cycle Routes, Cycle parking, Signane and wayfinding. An important element of the cycle network development process is the selection of appropriate cycle measures that address gaps or challenges faced by city.

1.2. Intermodality

Develop BIKE&RIDE systems in integrated transport hubs and in newly built transport terminals. The aim is to gain support for programmes focused on integration of cycling and public transport for daily commuting to school and work. It is necessary to make stations and platforms accessible as well as provide bike parking spaces for the BIKE&RIDE system at bus or railway stops and stations. However, this aim can work only if the importance of public transport, especially rail transport, is strengthened. It is highly recommended to support investments in specific BIKE&RIDE infrastructure, as well as to provide parking solutions for bicycles at transport terminals (include the cooperation since the assignment of project documentation), preferably as lockable covered spaces or boxes (in case of high demand consider automated bicycle storage systems, such as a bike tower).

1.3. New technology and innovation

In recent years, technological development has accelerated and new types of bicycles, similar vehicles and tools that support cycling are ready for market and can make cycling more attractive, safer and more comfortable. Electric bicycles have become increasingly popular among both recreational users and commuters, who are discovering the advantages of electric support. The average distance covered during a daily commute can be almost doubled with the use of electric bicycles and speed pedelecs.